glossary

a

Found in many plants and fungi that have been used in Eastern medicine for thousands of years, adaptogens support the stabilization of physiological processes, promote homeostasis, and increase resistance to stress.

Molecular compounds that can prevent or slow cellular damage caused by free radicals. Free radicals are unstable molecules produced by the body in reaction to emotional and physical stress, environmental conditions, and oxidative stress.

b

When we talk about bioavailability we mean how much of the good stuff found in hemp can actually be accessed and put to use by your body. There are many different different formats for ingesting hemp — tinctures, gummies, capsules, etc. — but there’s little consistency in terms of how much of the plant’s biomolecules your body is actually getting when you use each of those.

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Format Bioavailability (% your body uses)
Tinctures 13 – 19%; some claims of up to 35%
Edibles, capsules, gummies, concentrates 6 – 20%
Zolt 90%
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c

Cannabinoids are a set of at least 113 chemical compounds found in cannabis plants; the best-known and understood of these are cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), though each of the plant’s 113 cannabinoids play different roles and exhibit a range of effects in the human body.

A hemp phytocannabinoid discovered in 1940; one of 113 identified cannabinoids in cannabis plants. Approximately 40% of the cannabinoid content of hemp is CBD. Studies suggest that CBD may help with both falling asleep and staying asleep, as well as help in treating chronic pain, depression, anxiety, attention and memory issues, movement disorders, and epilepsy.

To create any CBD product, cannabinoids are extracted from the cannabis plant (Zolt does this using supercritical CO2 extraction) along with other plant compounds, including flavonoids, terpenes, and other cannabinoids.

Once extracted, these compounds can be isolated and then used to create specific formulations commonly described as CBD isolate, full spectrum, and broad spectrum.

  • CBD isolate: Pure cannabidiol isolated from the other molecular properties of a hemp extract. CBD isolate does not include hemp’s flavonoids, cannabinoids, terpenes, or other plant components.
  • Full-spectrum CBD: Contains all compounds found in hemp, including terpenes and essential oils, as well as other cannabinoids. The full spectrum of compounds are believed to work synergistically to enhance the effects of each individual cannabinoid.
  • Broad-spectrum CBD: Includes all compounds found in hemp, including terpenes and essential oils, as well as other cannabinoids with the exception of THC. The broad spectrum of compounds are believed to work synergistically to enhance the effects of each individual cannabinoid.

The quality and effect of any formulation will vary depending on the strain of hemp, method of extraction, and the exact composition and cannabinoid profile of the CBD product itself.

CBN is a cannabinoid that fights free radicals in the bloodstream and is well known to be as beneficial as THC in pain reduction. CBN is antibacterial and has demonstrated promise in fighting antibiotic resistant bacterial strains. CBN in combination with CBD has been shown to relieve myofascial pain, which is caused by overuse of muscles and physical injuries. CBN has been found to reduce overproduction of keratinocyte, which causes skin disorders like psoriasis, as well as works as an inflammatory.

d

A cannabinoid known to help with nausea while also offering analgesic and neuroprotective properties. Delta 8 THC promotes relaxation and clear-headedness.

e

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a biological system of neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors (CBRs) and cannabinoid receptor proteins. Endocannabinoid receptors exist throughout the body in the nervous, immune, muscular, digestive, and cardiovascular systems, as well as in internal organs such as the brain, liver, and heart. Research of the ECS is still in its infancy, but it’s known to play a key role in regulating physiological and cognitive processes, the immune system, appetite, pain sensation, mood, and memory.

f

The United States’ federal 2018 Farm Bill established a legal distinction between hemp and marijuana and federally legalized hemp cultivation and sales. The Farm Bill defines hemp as containing not more than 0.3% of THC, the cannabinoid commonly known for producing a “high”. While hemp had long been an agricultural staple, it was essentially made illegal through the blanket cannabis ban of the 1937 Marihuana Tax Act, then formally banned by the Controlled Substances Act of 1970, which banned cannabis of any variety.

Unstable molecules produced by the body which cause cell damage and inhibit cellular function. Free radicals are produced in reaction to emotional and physical stress, environmental conditions, and oxidative stress.

h

One of three species of cannabis, a flowering plant. Hemp is grown for a range of nutritive and industrial purposes and was one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber 10,000 years ago.

n

Nootropics are cognition-enhancing substances, particularly across the areas of executive function, creativity, memory, and motivation.

o

Organic is a term used to describe agricultural production without the use of chemical fertilizers or pesticides, which are known to contribute to ecological degradation and damage the food web, as well as present a threat to human health. Organic farming emphasizes sustainability through techniques such as crop rotation and companion planting, and fertilizers and pesticides, when used, must be organic in origin. Organic farmers may use naturally-occurring pesticides and often take an integrated approach to pest management, leveraging elements of the ecosystem which naturally manage or deter the threat of their crops’ destruction by insects and animals.

An imbalance between free radicals and antioxidants in your body, generally caused by exposure to environmental toxins such as industrial chemicals and pesticides; a diet high in sugar, fat, and processed foods; and alcohol consumption, among others . Free radicals are oxygen-containing molecules known to inhibit cellular function.

s

The cleanest, safest, and most effective method of gleaning plant biomolecules. No hazardous chemicals or solvents are used in this process, and the hemp extracts produced are completely free of impurities or other unwanted ingredients. SCO2-derived extractions are renowned for their purity.

t

Terpenes, the aromatic natural compounds within plants, entice pollinators and discourage predators. More than 200 distinct terpenes have been identified within cannabis, and each plant strain’s composition of them is unique. Terpenes are present in full-spectrum CBD along with the full range of cannabinoids, and the interplay across and within those two elements is suspected to play a significant role in enhancing their effects in the human endocannabinoid system.

THC is the phytocannabinoid responsible for the psychological effects of marijuana. In hemp, THC is present at a low level, less than 0.3%, and does not produce the “high” of marijuana, which contains 12% THC.

Though THCv is a cannabinoid similar to THC in molecular structure, it offers a range of completely different effects and benefits within the human body; among them: appetite suppression, blood sugar regulation and reduction of insulin resistance, neuroprotection, and bone health.